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Expander for Teeth | How it Works?

According to American Dental Association (ADA), children’ temporary teeth are replaced by permanent teeth at the age of 6 to 13. But some of the child’s jaws are not big to provide space to teeth somewhere to stay for the growth of permanent teeth. There are many solutions to adjust the permanent teeth in the jaws. One of them is to remove teeth from the jaws or you can use an expander for teeth. Upper and lower jaw expander apply force and make space to adjust the permanent teeth without removing them.

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How Upper Jaw expander works?

Upper jaw expander is used to avoid the crowding and cross bite of the teeth. It applies the force to move bone and palate’s cartilage in order to enlarge arch of the child. Specialist suggests that this process provides the best result when a child is of 15 or 16. This time period is best for the palatal expansion and for good results.

Upper jaw expander is attached to the molars with the help of metal rings and it can be moved easily but in rare cases.  The device contains the expansion screws which slowly stretch and separate the soft cartilage of the palate. This process may take few weeks or even months. During this expansion, you notice the gap in the front two teeth which is the proof for you that the upper jaw expander is working properly.

When the expander for teeth is applied, your child experiences a little pressure and discomfort for first few days. You may experience the pressure behind the nose and eyes. But this pressure diminishes after few hours after the placement of expander. In the start of the days your child experience, an excess of saliva and his/ her speech is also affected.

After the expander is placed, try to avoid the food such as yogurt, ice cream, pudding, soup, potatoes etc. because these food particles can stick on the expander and cause the irritation. So, properly keep up with the oral hygiene to avoid other problems regarding oral health.

How Lower Jaw expander works?

Lower jaw expander is used to avoid the crowding and cross bite of the teeth but its functionality is quite different than upper jaw expander. According to the research, it is proved that the lower jaw bone is too hard to move.  It only moves teeth to their right position, not bone. It corrects the lower teeth and upright the tips of the teeth to the outward position. But if your child has the healthy gums tissue and bone than you will have to adopt the alternative method to overcome crowding. The removal of teeth is one of the alternative methods.

Expander for teeth seems like the upper arch, some orthodontist uses sagittal devices to avoid crowding and cross bite in the lower jaw. Some experts recommend the fixed braces to make teeth aligned, straight and beautiful and some prescribe to use lip bumpers or spring behind the teeth. The method recommended by the orthodontist truly depends on upon the condition of the teeth of the patient.

After the expander is placed, try to avoid the food such as yogurt, ice cream, pudding, soup, potatoes etc. because these food particles can stick on the expander and cause the irritation. So, properly keep up with the oral hygiene to avoid other problems regarding oral health.

 

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