Reconnoitering the Beauty of Traditional Paintings of Rajasthan
Have you ever felt intrigued about howpeople express them in different circumstances through facial expressions, without use of any word? If you will take a walk down the memory lanes, you will remember the look on your mother’s face when she would warn you with her eyes when you did something mischievous. Almost all of us are acquainted with this expression.Such is the power of facial expressions that they communicate the unsaid in seconds. If you are someone who believe in the power of expressions, then you will surely enjoy the beauty of traditional
Indianpaintings belonging to the region of Rajasthan.
It was during the medieval era that Rajasthani paintings reached its pinnacle of success under the patronage and monetary aid from Rajput kingdoms. More often than not, these painting are also referred to as Rajputana paintings in the art industry, as Rajasthan has always been famous as the land of Rajputs. Rajasthani paintings, which are all about gentleness and expressions and considered comparable to the Mughal paintings form of arts, received highest patronage during that particular epoch. Though, one can see influence of Mughal empire on Rajasthani paintings, these paintings are quite different from Mughal paintings specifically in terms of themes, color usage and interpretation of human figures and expressions in those paintings.
Rajasthani paintings are commonly based on spiritual and scared theme lines, such as the divine love story of Radha and Krishna or episodes from epics like Ramayana and Mahabharata, which make them perfect for buyers who love to buy enchanting Indian paintings that capture the spirit of rich culture and tradition of the nation. The human figures all are displayed wearing Hindu attires, more humble and virtuous in nature than the themes that are usually represented in Mughal paintings. The themes in Mughal paintings are much more audaciously drawn and lacked in terms of spiritual touch.
One of the significant differences between the Rajputana paintings and paintings created under the patronage of Mughal Empire is the depiction of landscape. While Mughal paintings laid more emphasis on the background of picturesque gardens as well as amusing landscape as liked by the Mughal rulers, the landscape depicted in paintings of Rajasthan revealed the jagged and grimy features of the desert land of Rajasthan and also the elaborate courtyards of the palaces of Rajputs.
Reminiscent of few other Indian contemporary art forms, Rajputana paintings also used quite a few natural pigments, extracted from plant body parts, rocky minerals, even pulverized valuable stones and fine particles of gold and silver.
Moreover, these distinguished and talented artists never used any chemical colors to create their paintings. They either used fine brushes from plant twigs or hairs from tails of squirrels to draw their pictures. These images were typically created on papers and canvas; however marvelous piece of artwork had been created on the walls and ceilings of many renowned and eminent Rajput palaces and forts constructed during that era. And, one of the popular names among various palaces in Rajasthan wherein beautiful depiction of such paintings has been done is City Palace in Udaipur. Interestingly, the most remarkable and striking form of Rajasthani painting were miniature paintings. These forms of paintings were mostly done on silk, wood and paper, while few of them were also created on ivory and marbles.
Many schools of paintings mushroomed during the medieval era, depending on their specific uniqueness and the particular regions where they had been developed. There are fewrenownedschools of Rajasthani paintings, like Mewar and Marwar School of painting, Bundi and Kishangarh paintings. Apart from these schools, Kangra and Kulu schools of paintings were also involved in the creation of Rajasthani form of arts, due to their unique nature of paintings.
In fact, these paintings not only unequivocally portray the religious beliefs of the people of that period, but these also give an in-depth insight into their social life. Therefore, it won’t be an exaggeration to say that these paintings are accurate image of the royalty as well as the common mass of Rajasthan that were present at that era.
Rajasthani painting is venerated as a primeval and very progressive form of painting till date among those who love to buy Indian paintings across the globe.